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Category: Police & Military

Heart Rate Variability and Cognitive Bias Feedback Interventions to Prevent Post‑Deployment PTSD: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial

Published on: 20-07-2018

There is a long history of pre-deployment PTSD prevention efforts in the military and effective pre-deployment strategies to prevent post-deployment PTSD are still needed. Materials and Methods: This randomized controlled trial included three arms: heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB), cognitive bias modification for interpretation (CBM-I), and control. The hypothesis was that pre-deployment resilience training would result in lower post-deployment PTSD symptoms compared with control. Army National Guard soldiers (n =

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Building Resilience in an Urban Police Department

Objective:The aim of this study is to examine a resilience training intervention that impacts autonomic responses to stress and improves cardiovascular risk, psychological, and physiological outcomes in police. Methods: Officers [(n=38) 22 to 54 years] modified emotional and physical responses to stress using self-regulation. Measurements include psychological and physiological measures [eg, heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure, C-reactive protein)] obtained at three time intervals. Results: Age was significantly (P<0.05) associated with

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Applying Resilience Promotion Training Among Special Forces Police Officers

Published on: 01-05-2015

Police Special Forces (a.k.a. special weapons and tactics [SWAT]) officers are tasked with responding to the most critical situations, including incidents that require specialized skills and equipment beyond typical policing activities. In this study, we tested the feasibility of applying Arnetz and colleagues’ resilience promotion training that was developed for patrol officers to SWAT team officers (n = 18). The resilience promotion training program included psychoeducation focused on police stress and resilience, and the practice of resilience

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An Institutional Case Study: Emotion Regulation With HeartMath at Santa Cruz County Children’s Mental Health

Published on: 15-03-2015

This case study from Santa Cruz County Children’s Mental Health Agency (CMH), California, reviews the use of measurement of heart rate variability (HRV) to enhance emotional regulation of patients. CMH serves seriously emotionally disturbed youths, many of whom have been separated from their parents for a prolonged period or have  been  vulnerable  without  the  consistent  presence  of  their  caregivers.  In  this  study,  the  HRV  pattern  was  calculated as high coherence, medium coherence, or low coherence. According to Thurber et al, heart

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Police department Personnel Stress Resilience training: An Institutional Case Study

Published on: 15-03-2014

The objective of this case study was to test the impact in law enforcement personnel of an innovative self-regulation and resilience  building  program  delivered  via  an  iPad  (Apple  Inc,  Cupertino,  California)  app  and  personal  mentoring.  The  Stress  Resilience  Training  System  (SRTS)  app  includes  training  on  stress  and  its  effects,  HRV  coherence  biofeedback,  a  series  of  HeartMath  self-regulation  techniques  (The  Institute  of  HeartMath,  Boulder  Creek,  California),  and  HRV-controlled  games.  The  stressful 

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Non‑Pharmacological Intervention for Chronic Pain in Veterans: A Pilot Study of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback

Published on: 15-03-2014

Objective: Chronic  pain  is  an  emotionally  and  physically  debilitating  form  of  pain  that  activates  the  body’s  stress response and over time can result in lowered heart rate variability (HRV) power, which is associated with reduced resiliency and lower self-regulatory capacity. This pilot project was intended to determine the effectiveness  of  HRV  coherence  biofeedback  (HRVCB)  as  a  pain  and  stress  management  intervention  for  veterans  with  chronic  pain  and  to  estimate  the  effect  sizes.  It  was  hypothesized  that 

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Cardiac Coherence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Combat Veterans

Published on: 01-06-2010

Background  • The  need  for  treatment  of  posttraumatic stress  disorder  (PTSD)  among  combat  veterans  returning from Afghanistan and Iraq is a growing concern. PTSD has been associated with reduced cardiac coherence (an indicator of heart rate variability [HRV]) and deficits in early stage information  processing  (attention  and  immediate  memory) in different studies. However, the co-occurrence of reduced coherence and cognition in combat veterans with PTSD has not been studied before. Primary Study Objective • A  pilot  study  was

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New Hope for Correctional Officers: An Innovative Program for Reducing Stress and Health Risks

This  study  investigated  the  impact of a new stress management program on physiological and psychological stress and health risk factors among 75 correctional officers. The experimental group received training in emotion self-regulation techniques intended to reduce stress and health risk factors. Practice of the techniques was enhanced by heart rate variability feedback, which helped participants  learn  and  sustain  use  of the  self-management tools.  Measures of physiological stress  included  cortisol, DHEA,  cholesterol, triglycerides,  fasting  glucose 

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